Study on the solid solution temperature of achieving ultra-high strength in wire-arc additive manufactured Al-Zn-Mg-Cu aluminum alloy
Al-Zn-Mg-Cu aluminum alloys are typically heat-treatable aluminum alloys. The heat treatment has a significant effect on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy. In this study, the solid solution temperature of achieving ultra-high strength in wire-arc additive manufactured 7B55 aluminum alloy was systematically investigated. The results showed that the microstructure of the as-deposited 7B55 aluminum alloy was composed of equiaxed grains with an average grain size of 4.2 ± 0.5 μm. A large number of the second phases were continuously distributed along grain boundaries. The precipitated phases within grains were mainly composed of the larger η phases and the smaller η′ phases, and the amount of precipitated phases was fewer. The second phases distributed along grain boundaries gradually dissolved into α-Al matrix with the increase of solid solution temperature, resulting in a higher supersaturation of the α-Al matrix and more homogeneous distribution of alloy elements. Combined with the results of DSC analysis, the optimal solid solution temperature of the 7B55 aluminum alloy was determined to be 480 °C. After solid solution of 480 °C，the microstructure was still composed of equiaxed grains with an average grain size of 4.8 ± 0.4 μm. The size of the grain did not grow significantly. A larger number of nanoscale fine GP zones, η′ phases and secondary Al3(Sc,Zr) particles were precipitated within the grains during subsequently artificial aging process, resulting in a significant increase in tensile properties. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS) and elongation (EL) reached 621 MPa, 555 MPa and 5.73%, respectively, which was significantly higher than the strength level of WAAM aluminum alloy reported among all the existing literature.
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China Scholarship Council