Low half-wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulator using CLD-1/PMMA for electrocardiogram (ECG) signal acquisition
Electro-optic (EO) modulators are typically made of inorganic materials such as lithium niobate; the replacement of these modulators with organic EO materials is a promising alternative due to their lower half-wave voltage (Vπ), ease of handling, and relatively low cost. We propose the design and fabrication of a push-pull polymer electro-optic modulator with voltage-length parameters (VπL) of 1.28 V·cm. The device uses a Mach–Zehnder structure and is made of a second-order nonlinear optical host-guest polymer composed of a CLD-1 chromophore and PMMA polymer. The experimental results show that the loss is 1.7 dB, Vπ drops to 1.6 V, and the modulation depth is 0.637 dB at 1550 nm. The results of a preliminary study show that the device is capable of efficiently detecting electrocardiogram (ECG) signals with performance on par with that of commercial ECG devices.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China