Influence of annealing temperature and isostatic pressure on microstructure and superconducting properties of isotopic Mg11B2 wires fabricated by internal Mg diffusion method
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Here, we report superconducting Mg11B2 wires made by using the internal Mg diffusion technique with isotopic amorphous nano boron (11B) as the precursor material. We show the influence of annealing temperature and isostatic pressure of 0.1 MPa and 1.1 GPa on Mg diffusion into 11B layer, microstructure of superconducting filament, critical current density (Jc) at 20 K and 25 K, critical temperature (Tc) and irreversible magnetic induction (Birr) in mono (single-core) - and multi-filament Mg11B2 wires. Our research shows that thermal treatment at 700 °C and 0.1 MPa for 60 min yields a superconducting phase with low Tc, Birr and Jc in single-core Mg11B2 wire. A higher annealing temperature (740 °C and 0.1 MPa for 60 min) significantly accelerates the diffusion of Mg into the 11B layer and increases the Tc, Birr and Jc. However, the distribution of Mg in 11B layer is very heterogeneous (places with high and low Mg concentration). This leads to heterogeneity in the superconducting material and inhomogeneous Tc, Birr and Jc. Further studies showed that higher annealing temperatures at 770 °C and 800 °C significantly accelerates the diffusion of Mg into the 11B layer and leads to the increase of Tc, Birr and Jc in single-core Mg11B2 wire. In single-core wire annealing treatment under isostatic pressure of 1.1 GPa for 60 min at temperature of 800 °C it causes Mg penetrates into the 11B layer very heterogeneously and large amount of 11B remains unreacted. However, the same heat treatment at 800 °C and 1.1 GPa for 60 min in multi-filament wires leads to a complete Mg synthesis reaction with the 11B layer. This leads to increase Birr and Jc. This work shows that the formation and accumulation of pinning centers is essential to further increase Jc in Mg11B2 wires.
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