Stability Analysis and Prediction of Traffic Flow of Trucks at Road Intersections Based on Heterogenous Optimal Velocity and Artificial Neural Network Model

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Smart Cities


The evolution of traffic-related accidents caused by long, short, and medium trucks at signalized road intersections have been underemphasized in the last few years. Far, little attention has been paid to the modelling of trucks traffic flow using an artificial neural network model and evaluating the stability analysis of trucks depending on the heterogenous optimal velocity. This research evaluates the effect of trucks on some specific traffic flow features. Over the years, it has been deduced that trucks, irrespective of their sizes, significantly impact their surrounding traffic flow due to their body sizes and operational features. In this study, we focused on modelling the traffic flow of trucks at signalized road intersections using traffic flow variables such as speed, traffic volume, traffic density, and time as our inputs and outputs. The truck traffic data was collected using up-to-date equipment such as video cameras and inductive loop detectors from the South Africa transportation network. During the ANN modelling of the truck traffic flow, we used 956 traffic datasets divided into 70% for training and 15% each for testing and validation. The ANN model results show testing regression values of (Formula presented.) (0.99901). This shows that the inputs and output are well correlated and the ANN model’s superiority in predicting truck traffic flow at signalized road intersections. Based on the HEOV model results, the result of the research indicates that in the mixed traffic flow of trucks in real-life scenarios, the proportion of different trucks on the signalized road intersections rather than the proportions of types of trucks can be used in the determination of traffic flow stability of each truck. This research extends our knowledge of truck traffic flow modelling and provides a blueprint for examining the stability analysis of long, short, and medium trucks in their immediate driving environment.

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