Characterizing the role of tissue-type plasminogen activator in a mouse model of Group A streptococcal infection
Plasmin(ogen) acquisition is critical for invasive disease initiation by Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS). Host urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) plays a role in mediating plasminogen activation for GAS dissemination, however the contribution of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) to GAS virulence is unknown. Using novel tPA-deficient ALBPLG1 mice, our study revealed no difference in mouse survival, bacterial dissemination or the pathology of GAS infection in the absence of tPA in AlbPLG1/tPA−/− mice compared to AlbPLG1 mice. This study suggests that tPA has a limited role in this humanized model of GAS infection, further highlighting the importance of its counterpart uPA in GAS disease.