Heat transfer simulation of heat storage unit with nanoparticles and fins through a heat exchanger
The current article investigates the impact of using fins and nano sized materials on performance of discharging system. Various shapes for nanoparticle have been considered. Cold fluid flows in both inner and outer layers and middle layer is full of PCM. To make a careful choice of designing heat storage based on uniform solidification, two factor has been examined; length of fins and shape factor. Temperature and solid fraction distributions were reported at various time steps. The homogeneous model for nanofluid has been extended by incorporating various shapes of CuO nanoparticles. The mathematical model has been offered in the form of PDE's, which were solved using Galerkin FEM. It can be observed that the employing nanofluid augments the discharging rate and best performance is obtained for platelet shape.