The nineteenth century was a time of revolutionary change in Britain-industrial, scientific, social and cultural upheaval drove the heart of Empire to seek out the new and challenge the old. Within the arts, J. M. W. Turner’s impressionistic renderings of steam trains and retiring Trafalgar-era gunships turned a century-long tradition of landscape painting on its head and at the same time proclaimed British art a world leader. Less revolutionary in technique, though more so in word and deed, was a group of young radical London-based artists who appeared mid-century, united in rebellion against Royal Academy training and the artistic traditions of their birth. Calling themselves the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, they sought to replicate nature’s realism in a framework of contemporary, medieval, and high-literary subjects (Parris). Prominent members included Ford Madox Brown, William Holman Hunt, Elisabeth Eleanor Siddall, Edward Burne-Jones, child prodigy Charles Everett Millais, poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and print maker, writer, and prominent socialist William Morris.