Three Muslim countries that share a strong authoritarian streak in their post-independence history show contrasting attitudes to the medium of radio.Two of them have demonstrated a refreshing liberalism towards popular ownership of the medium whereas one displays an excessively cautious approach. In Indonesia, there are over 700 private radio stations. In Turkey, at last count, there were over 600 private radio stations. In Pakistan, the total number of radio stations is only 25 of which 22 are part of state-owned and government controlled Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Radio Pakistan). The other three are ostensibly separate private FM stations in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad but they are actually owned and controlled by the same single party which was the beneficiary of a secret, non-transparent award during the second government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
Recommended CitationJabbar, J., Over the people's voice: Liberalisation of broadcasting media in Pakistan, Asia Pacific Media Educator, 3, 1997, 158-161.