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This report was originally published as Bywater, J, Rainforests of the Illawarra, Wollongong Studies in Geography No.3, Department of Geography, University of Wollongong, 1980, 4p.


Subtropical rainforest is the most restricted and complex forest ecosystem in the Illawarra. These forest communities support a specialised endemic or native flora which contains many plant species at the southern limit of their range. Although no longer of commercial value as a timber source the local rainforests are of immense recreational, educational, and scientific value in a district where most of the natural forest has been replaced by agricultural, urban and industrial development.