Article Title

A Century of the Philippine Labor Movement


The Philippine labor movement is a social movement of workers and farmers led by middle class illustrados and socialist intellectuals. The labor movement is composed of labor organisations like trade unions, farmers’ associations, cooperatives, and other sectoral and people’s organisations often called non-government organisations (NGOs). The trade union movement, while comprising only about 10% of the labor force, is the most organised and active component of the labor movement. The leaders of the trade union movement together with the intelligentsia form the middle class and the revolutionary intellectuals (communists, socialists, nationalists, etc.) are the traditional leaders of the labor movement.