Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School of Humanities and Social Inquiry


In 1966, Peter Loveday and Allan Martin published their book Parliament Factions and Parties: The First Thirty Years of Responsible Government in New South Wales, 1856-1889. They aimed to show how factions operated within the New South Wales Parliament during the colonial period of responsible government between 1856 and 1889. While Loveday and Martin’s work was challenged briefly at the time, that challenge was short-lived. It has since become the foundational theory regarding how colonial politics worked, and most political histories written since that time use the term ‘faction’ as a short-hand description for proto-party organisation that carries connotations of disapproval and disappointment.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.