Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials


Sodium-ion and sodium metal batteries are the most promising candidates for largescale energy storage systems, on account of sodium’s superiority of low cost and large abundance. To develop suitable electrode materials is the main scientific challenge for their practical application. This thesis project aims to fabricate a series of electrode materials with advantages of economic benefits, environmental friendliness, nontoxicity and structural stability, such as carbon-based and titanium-based materials for sodium-ion batteries, as well as sulfur-based cathode materials for sodium metal batteries.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.