Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School of Physics


Radiation therapy with charged particles, protons and carbon ions in particular, is a modality used for cancer treatment that has expanded dramatically in recent times. This trend can be explained by a number of favourable characteristics of charged particles including a well defined range, reduced lateral scattering and a heightened relative biological effectiveness (RBE) at the treatment site. Particle therapy sees a substantial reduction in the integral dose received by the patient, better dose conformity to the target and reduced likelihood of normal tissue complication.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.