Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School of Physics


Since its first commercialization in 1991s, the lithium-ion battery (LIB) has been widely used in portable electronics and electric vehicles. Current research aims to develop next-generation lithium-ion batteries with higher power density, faster-charging capability, better safety, and lower cost. The sodium-ion battery (SIB) has attracted much attention in recent years triggered by the lower cost of sodium. The currently used graphite anode for lithium-ion batteries cannot be used to sodium-ion batteries due to the larger ion radius of sodium. Developing a proper anode for the sodium-ion battery is critically important to for its commercialization.

Over the last two decades, a variety of anode materials for lithium/sodium ion batteries have been investigated. Among them, materials with two-dimensional (2D) structure have shown great potential due to their large surface area and short ion/electron transfer paths. Developing new 2D anode materials or optimizing existing anode materials were the major part of this doctoral work.

This thesis is unavailable until Friday, July 03, 2020



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.