Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Australian Institute of Innovative Materials


Torsional artificial muscles are a branch of actuators that react to a stimulus by rotating. This rotation is driven by a change in volume and mechanical properties such as modulus and was shown to be extremely large in the case of twisted fibers due to their helical geometry. The following thesis introduces a new method of fabrication of nanofiber yarns and nanocomposites with the aim of making hydrogel torsional catch actuators that combine responsiveness to pH changes and a high torsional output as well as a systematic approach to the modeling of their behavior using the single helix theory.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.