Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School of Management, Operations and Finance


Supply chains are subject to changes associated with increased global connectedness and the dynamism of markets, demanding a need for adaptation. Such changes have influenced the operations and structure of supply chains across the world. Globalisation has resulted in elongated supply chains, extending transit distances and therefore decreasing the ‘sustainability’ of goods and services, due to increased greenhouse gas emissions and other waste. Research regularly recognises supply chain clusters as a successful strategy for long term viability and a credible alternative to globalisation (de Oliveira Wilk & Jaime Evaldo, 2003; Chiarvesio & Di Maria, 2009; Danson, 2009). Michael Porter (1990, p.164) contributed to the understanding of clusters, by discussing the role of clusters in achieving competitive advantage. Whilst the value of clusters have been identified, Chhetri, et. al. (2014) report a lack of understanding surrounding how firms interact and engage to form clusters. Therefore, research should seek an understanding of cluster formation, to inform future cluster formation and adaptation to changing conditions. Hence, this thesis explores the antecedents for the formation and long-term viability of supply chain clusters, particularly pertaining to the sustainable buildings industry in the Illawarra region.