Year

2018

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

School of Engineering Physics

Abstract

Stereotactic radiation therapy such as SRS and SBRT utilise multiple beams delivery with a small radiation field and high dose gradients. A quality assurance tool with high stability and linearity of radiation response that can map a 2D dose read out in real time and with a high spatial resolution is needed to accurately verify two-dimensional (2D) pre-treatment dose distributions. This thesis describes two 2D monolithic diode arrays based on different silicon substrates called MagicPlate-512 (MP512) designed and developed by the Centre for Medical Radiation Physics to verify small field dosimetry. The first substrate is based on bulk p-type silicon known as MP512-Bulk and the other is based on the high resistivity of a thin epitaxial layer known as MP512-EPI. MP512 allows real time 2D dose mapping with a high spatial and temporal resolution. Both detector arrays consist of 512 0.5x0.5 mm2 active pixels with a 2 mm pitch that covers an area of 52x52 mm2. The angular response of MP512-Bulk as well as its correction factor were investigated for various field sizes and photon energies. It showed a maximum variation of relative angular response normalised to an incidence beam angle zero at a beam angle of 90° of approximately 18.5±0.5% and 15.5±0.5% for 6 MV and 10 MV photon beams. These results indicate that the angular response is sensitive to the energy, whereas the variation of angular response is less affected by field size. The packaging and intrinsic asymmetry of the monolithic silicon detector array structure are the major elements that affect the angular dependence of an MP512-Bulk.

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