Degree Name

Master of Philosophy (Environmental Engineering)


School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering


Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool for assessmg the environmental ramifications of products and processes. It enables the comparison of alternative solutions, streamlines the decision-making process, and facilitates the identification of potential areas for enhancement. In this study, a comprehensive and methodical investigation was carried out on the LCA of second generation (2G) bioethanol produced from agricultural residues containing cellulose and hemicellulose. This analysis incorporated a review of the LCA conducted worldwide on 2G bioethanol from agricultural residues involving various pretreatment techniques, including physiochemical and organic methods. Additionally, this study included an investigation of multiple databases to analyse the environmental impact via LCA.

FoR codes (2020)

400409 Separation technologies, 400410 Wastewater treatment processes, 400411 Water treatment processes, 401106 Waste management, reduction, reuse and recycling

This thesis is unavailable until Monday, February 17, 2025



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.