Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering


Alkali-activated binder offers a large reduction in CO2 emissions (up to 80%) compared to ordinary Portland cement (OPC), promoting alkali-activated binder as a component of sustainable concrete constructions. Alkali-activated mortar and concrete exhibit better engineering properties and durability than OPC mortar and concrete, respectively. In addition, alkali-activated mortar and concrete can effectively include by-products and waste materials. Waste glass can be reused as raw material in the construction industry to reduce the negative impacts on the environment and preserve natural resources. However, the use of waste glass as construction material still remains under-utilised and inadequately explored, and there is a significant opportunity for the expansion of the value-added use of waste glass. This thesis presents a research study on the use of waste glass powder and waste glass sand in ambient cured alkali-activated mortars (AAMs) and concrete (AAC).

FoR codes (2008)

0905 CIVIL ENGINEERING, 090503 Construction Materials

This thesis is unavailable until Sunday, August 17, 2025



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.