Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School of Civil, Mining, and Environmental Engineering


This thesis explored the potential of options such as direct-contact membrane distillation, oxidoreductase enzymes, and UV-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for the degradation of a broad spectrum of trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) that are ubiquitously detected in the wastewater and wastewater-impacted surface water bodies. The presence of even trace concentrations (ng/L to µg/L) of TrOCs in the water bodies and their continuous exposure can cause potentially harmful effects to aquatic and terrestrial organisms. Therefore, the removal of TrOCs is essential for the safe disposal of wastewater into the environment.

This thesis is unavailable until Saturday, April 08, 2023



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.