Master of Commerce - Research
Economics and Information Systems - Faculty of Commerce
Al-Bakri, Anas A., The adoption and diffusion of internet-electronic data interchange (I-EDI) by Jordanian SMEs, M.Info.Sys.-Res. thesis, Economics and Information Systems, University of Wollongong, 2007. http://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/673
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is a protocol that enables businesses to exchange information and business transactions via proprietary networks. The early application of traditional EDI was quickly supplanted by an Internet-based (Internet-EDI) version, as this is much cheaper and more flexible. This research explores both the factors influencing adoption as well as barriers preventing adoption of I-EDI by Jordanian companies, particularly those in the SME sector. These factors include Organizational, Inter-organizational, Technical, Cultural factors, Governmental factors, Perceived benefits, Triggers and Barriers. The research design was an explorative case study of Jordanian SMEs with data collected via interviews. The sample (participants) included a diverse range of companies, employing between 2 and 120 people. The participants of the research interviews came from six Jordanian companies (SME sector). The research was comprised of three stages: Theoretical Analysis (Stage One), Qualitative Data Collection (Stage Two) and Data Analysis and Interpretation (Stage Three). The analysis of primary data (phone interviews) revealed that many salient factors impacted I-EDI adoption. Benefits of I-EDI, Barriers to I-EDI, Organizational, Inter-organizational Factors, Cultural (Environmental), and Governmental Factors were presented as important issues for I-EDI adoption by the Jordanian SME sector, particularly Cultural and Governmental Factors. The research also shows that the global competitiveness of Jordanian SME may depend on how quickly they move forward to embrace I-EDI. Further research is necessary to better understand the status of the I-EDI adoption and diffusion among SMEs in Jordan and the impact of the factors identified here on performance and efficiency.
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