Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials


Over the past several decades, nanostructured materials, including zero-dimensional (0D), one-dimensional (1D), two-dimensional (2D), and three-dimensional (3D) nanomaterials, have been widely developed and utilized in energy conversion and storage applications such as catalysis, rechargeable batteries, and supercapacitors. Even though these nanomaterials exhibit superior performance compared with their bulk counterparts, they still suffer from some intrinsic drawbacks including insufficient chemically active sites, poor electrical conductivity, and easy structrual aggregation or destruction. Therefore, developing a more advanced nanostructure with high specific surface area and high structural stability and flexibility is highly important for achieving a much better performance in energy-related applications.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.