Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials


Despite that now most of our energy is still originated from burning of fossil fuels which are non-renewable in short period and may cause serious pollution to the environment; it has become a common sense that human being is facing with more and more serious energy crisis as well as environmental problems including global warming and pollutions. To save our future, now the developing and utilization of green renewable energy, such as solar energy, waste heat recovery, fuel cells, and so on, has been one of the hottest topics all around the world's scientists.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.