Degree Name

Master of Science (Hons.)


Department of Chemistry


Electroanalysis has progressed rapidly during the last half century due to the development of more detailed electrochemical theory and modem electronic instrumentation [1-4]. Furthermore, electrochemical techniques have contributed to research advances in the fields of organic, inorganic, and more recently, bio-chemistry because the control of oxidation and reduction processes by electrolysis is much more precise than is possible with conventional chemical reactants [5-12]. There are many advantages associated with the use of modern electrochemical instrumentation and techniques, especially in the area of electroanalysis: instrumentation can be made portable [13-15] power consumption is relatively low no expensive instrumental accessories are needed suitable for automatic on-line monitoring [13,14] no additional instrumentation is required for multi-elemental analysis suitable for in-situ measurements [14] analyses may be performed in either organic or inorganic solvents detection limits can be in the low ppb or ppt range.