Degree Name

Master of Engineering (Hons.)


Department of Civil and Mining Engineering


The greatest challenge for the industries, now days, is to provide products and services that provide a very high standard of living without degrading the environment. The role of an engineer has changed drastically over the years, since, he/she has not only to provide the existing living standards but also has to upgrade the standards, without harming the quality of the environment. In the past, scientists and engineers were oriented towards the concepts of industrial growth and expansion, increased efficiency in production and exploitation of resources. This gave very littie room for concern about the long range effects of the pollution and harmful side effects of the products. This was driven by the conventional economic criteria and concepts of optimum design which has resulted in global pollution.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.