Degree Name

Master of Arts


In Wollongong, 80 km south of Sydney on the New South Wales coastline, there has been widespread speculation that local sand resources are inadequate to supply future demands for construction sand in an environmentally sound manner.

This thesis objectively appraises the many factors that influence the nature of Wollongong's local sand extraction industry. It systematically integrates these factors to produce a comprehensive and functional overview of the demands and constraints on the industry. Such an overview exposes the most pressing problems associated with continued sand extraction and gives rise to recommendations of rational guidelines for the future planning of the industry.

As the first study to attempt such an all-embracing analysis of the sand extraction industry, this thesis is valuable not only as a guide to future planning in Wollongong but also as a guide to dealing with similar problems in other areas.



Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Wollongong.