ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND STRATEGIC CULTURE
Routledge Handbook of Strategic Culture
This chapter asserts that because strategic culture exists and operates at many different levels - organizational, national, and international - resulting in similarities and differences in security policy and military behavior, it may be expected that culture will operate at all these levels to shape the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) for military purposes. Farrell and Payne note that there are some early indicators of the differences between the United States, Russia, and China in the development and operational application of AI. Over time, common understandings may also develop across groups of states and scientific communities, and eventually internationally, with regard to what is appropriate and effective with military AI. This chapter explores the relationship between culture and technology in military affairs; it then examines how strategic culture has and will continue to shape the development and application of AI in war; and finally, it considers how strategic cultures may, in turn, be shaped by AI.
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