DFT Mechanistic Insights into the Ni(II)-Catalyzed Enantioselective Arylative Cyclization of Tethered Allene-Ketones
Chemistry - An Asian Journal
Density functional theory (DFT) has provided a detailed mechanistic picture for the redox neutral nickel(II)-catalyzed arylative cyclization reactions of a tethered allene-ketone with arylboronic acids. A mechanistic rationale for the high diastereo- and enantioselectivity achieved experimentally at high reaction temperature was uncovered through modeling the reaction with a chiral ligand and the predicted stereochemical outcome corroborates with experimental results. An unprecedented mechanism for the base-free organoboron transmetalation was revealed and the regioselectivity of migratory insertion of tethered allene-ketones as well as the stability of the possible allylnickel isomers (σ-allyl vs π-allyl) were clarified. The multifaceted nature of the reaction is revealed with certain elementary steps preferring cationic compared to the neutral state.
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