High-Performance Flexible Graphene Oxide-Based Moisture-Enabled Nanogenerator via Multilayer Heterojunction Engineering and Power Management System

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Recently, there has been a surge of interest in nanogenerators within the scientific community because their immense potential for extracting energy from the surrounding environment. A promising approach involves utilizing ambient moisture as an energy source for portable devices. In this study, moisture-enabled nanogenerators (MENGs) are devised by integrating heterojunctions of graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO). Benefiting from the unique structure, a larger ion concentration gradient is achieved as well as a lower resistance, which leads to enhanced electricity generation. The resulting MENG generates a desirable open-circuit voltage of 0.76 V and a short-circuit current density of 73 µA cm−2 with a maximum power density of 15.8 µW cm−2. Notably, the designed device exhibits a high voltage retention of more than 90% after 3000 bending cycles, suggesting a high potential for flexible applications. Moreover, a large-scale integrated MENG array is developed by incorporating flexible printed circuit technology and connecting it to a power management system. This integrated system can provide ample energy to operate an electronic ink display and drive a heart rate sensor for health monitoring. The outcomes of this research present a novel framework for advancing next-generation self-powered flexible devices, thereby demonstrating significant promise for future wearable electronics.

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Funding Sponsor

Australian Research Council



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