Commissioning of a RayStation structure template for the iBEAM evo Couchtop
Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Accurate radiotherapy treatment planning requires attenuation through the treatment couch to be accounted for in dose calculation. This is commonly performed by using contouring tools to add a virtual structure in the shape of the treatment couch and assigning the preferred absorption properties. The RayStation treatment planning system (TPS) allows users to assign a material that comprises both an elemental structure and a physical density. The selection of such parameters should be made so that modelled attenuation through the couch closely matches measured data. When these measurements involve the use of plastic phantoms and rotational beams, the validity of the data is dependent upon aspects of TPS and linear accelerator performance that can be difficult to quantify. A fundamental measure of couch attenuation using an ionisation chamber in water and perpendicular beam geometry that required no gantry movement was implemented to eliminate the identified uncertainties. This data was used to determine the combination of elemental composition and density assigned to a modelled couch structure that provided the most accurate representation of beam attenuation in this simple geometry. The preferred material was then validated using a cylindrical phantom and rotational beams. The findings were equivalent between the static gantry with water phantom and rotating gantry with cylindrical phantom. Of the elemental compositions investigated, it was possible to achieve suitable agreement with the measured data for each option provided the density was optimised. Choice of the elemental composition was not observed to be an important factor in achieving a good model.
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