Modeling of Correlated Complex Sea Clutter Using Unsupervised Phase Retrieval
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
The spatially and temporally correlated sea clutter with phase information is valuable for marine radar applications. The major difficulty of coherent sea clutter modeling is the generation of the continuous phases. This article presents a new phase retrieval approach for modeling the correlated complex sea clutter based on unsupervised neural networks. The unsupervised short-term and long-term neural networks have been developed for the phase retrieval on different term scales. Both these networks have the same input layer and feature extraction module, and however, the number of output neurons is different. The amplitude sea clutter series and the desired Doppler spectrum are fed into the network in parallel, and their features are extracted by two parallel bidirectional long short-term memory (Bi-LSTM) networks which sufficiently utilize the correlations of sea clutter data. These features are concatenated and fused by a residual network (ResNet). The phases can be successfully obtained by constraining to the desired Doppler spectrum and the given amplitudes of sea clutter series. This proposed approach has been verified by the measured Ice Multiparameter Imaging X-Band (IPIX) radar data, and it can precisely model the complex sea clutter with specified statistic characteristics and Doppler properties. The amplitude root mean square error (RMSE) between the obtained and measured Doppler spectra is only 1.5065 with the interval between adjacent frames equals to 32. The RMSE of Doppler central frequency and spectrum width is 6.9306 and 1.2293 Hz, respectively. It shows robustness with the change of range resolution and interval.
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Australian Research Council