A wideband metal-only patch antenna for cubesat
This article presents a compact wideband high gain patch antenna for CubeSat. The proposed metal-only antenna mainly consists of an upper patch, a folded ramp-shaped patch and shoring pins connecting the antenna with the ground plane. By adjusting the lengths and widths of two arms of the upper F-shaped patch, a second resonant frequency is generated, and hence, the −10 dB bandwidth is increased. Moreover, the effect of arms’ lengths and widths on reflection coefficients, operating frequency and bandwidth is presented. To validate the design and the simulation results, a prototype metal-only patch antenna was fabricated and tested in a Chamber. A good agreement between the simulated and measured results is achieved. The measured results show that the fabricated prototype achieves a −10 dB bandwidth of 44.9% (1.6–2.7 GHz), a small reflection coefficient of −24.4 dB and a high efficiency, i.e., 85% at 2.45 GHz. The radiation performance of the proposed antenna is measured, showing a peak realized gain of 8.5 dBi with cross polarization level less than −20 dB at 2.45 GHz and a 3 dB gain bandwidth of 61.22%.
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