Spatial Statistical Prediction of Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence (SIF) from Multivariate OCO-2 Data

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Remote Sensing


Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, or SIF, is a part of the natural process of photosynthesis. SIF can be measured from space by instruments such as the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), making it a useful proxy for monitoring gross primary production (GPP), which is a critical component of Earth’s carbon cycle. The complex physical relationship between SIF and GPP is frequently studied using OCO-2 observations of SIF since they offer the finest spatial resolution available. However, measurement error (noise) and large gaps in spatial coverage limit the use of OCO-2 SIF to highly aggregated scales. To study the relationship between SIF and GPP across varying spatial scales, de-noised and gap-filled (i.e., Level 3) SIF data products are needed. Using a geostatistical methodology called cokriging, which includes kriging as a special case, we develop coSIF: a Level 3 SIF data product at a 0.05-degree resolution. As a natural secondary variable for cokriging, OCO-2 observes column-averaged atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations (XCO (Formula presented.)) simultaneously with SIF. There is a suggested lagged spatio-temporal dependence between SIF and XCO (Formula presented.), which we characterize through spatial covariance and cross-covariance functions. Our approach is highly parallelizable and accounts for non-stationary measurement errors in the observations. Importantly, each datum in the resulting coSIF data product is accompanied by a measure of uncertainty. Extant approaches do not provide formal uncertainty quantification, nor do they leverage the cross-dependence with XCO (Formula presented.).

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration



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