Breast cancer screening participation in women using mental health services in NSW, Australia: a population study
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Purpose: Population screening programs have contributed to reduced breast cancer mortality, but disadvantaged or vulnerable groups may not have shared these improvements. In North American and European studies, women living with mental health conditions have reduced breast screening rates. There are no current Australasian data to support health system planning and improvement strategies. Methods: The New South Wales (NSW) BreastScreen program offers free screening to NSW women aged 50–74. We compared 2-year breast screening rates for mental health service users (n = 33,951) and other NSW women (n = 1,051,495) in this target age range, after standardisation for age, socioeconomic status and region of residence. Mental health service contacts were identified through linkage to hospital and community mental health data. Results: Only 30.3% of mental health service users participated in breast screening, compared with 52.7% of other NSW women (crude incidence rate ratio 0.57, 95% CI 0.56–0.59). Standardisation for age, socioeconomic disadvantage or rural residence did not alter this screening gap. Around 7000 fewer women received screening than would be expected from comparable population rates. Screening gaps were largest in women over 60 and in socioeconomically advantaged areas. Women with severe or persistent mental illness had slightly higher screening rates than other mental health service users. Conclusions: Low breast cancer screening participation rates for NSW mental health service users suggest significant risk of later detection, possibly leading to more extensive treatment and premature mortality. Focussed strategies are needed to support greater breast screening participation for NSW women who use mental health services.
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