Lead-free piezoceramic macro-fiber composite actuators toward active vibration control systems

Publication Name

Journal of Materiomics


Macro-fiber composite actuators (MFCAs) suffer from strict restrictions on the utilization of lead-containing precursors due to growing environmental concerns. To address this issue, a novel lead-free MFCA based on potassium sodium niobate piezoceramics has been developed using the dice & fill method. The MFCA demonstrates large electric field-induced displacement (31.4 μm over -500‒1 500 V at 0.5 Hz), excellent frequency stability, and a strong linear relationship between the induced displacement and the external voltage amplitude. Meanwhile, unlike lead-based MFCA that requires superposition of a negative dc bias voltage to pursue higher output performance but risks depolarization, lead-free MFCA can achieve larger displacement by superimposing only a positive bias voltage. This device exhibits excellent reliability, maintaining a stable output over 105 electrical cycles. Additionally, a “back-to-back” coupled MFCA has been developed to regulate bidirectional displacement, making it suitable for various practical applications, including active vibration control. This approach has resulted in a 90% vibration reduction and provides new insights into the design of MFCAs, further facilitating their application in active vibration control systems.

Open Access Status

This publication may be available as open access

Funding Number


Funding Sponsor

National Natural Science Foundation of China



Link to publisher version (DOI)