To evaluate the utility of Oxford classification in predicting renal outcome in IgA nephropathy patients

Publication Name

International Urology and Nephrology


Background: Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy (IgAN) is a heterogeneous disorder. Multiple ethnicities conducted studies to assess the effectiveness of the Oxford classification of IgAN in prognostication. However, there is no study on the Pakistani population. We aim to identify its prognostic effectivity in our patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 93 biopsy-proven cases of primary IgAN. We collected the clinical and pathological data at baseline and on follow-ups. The median follow-up period was 12 months. We defined the renal outcome as a ≥ 50% decline in eGFR or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Results: Of 93 cases, 67.7% were males with a median age of 29. Glomerulosclerosis was the most prevalent lesion (71%). The median MEST-C was 3. On follow-up, median serum creatinine worsened from 1.92 to 2.2 mg/dL, and median proteinuria reduced from 2.3 g/g to 1.072 g/g. The reported renal outcome was 29%. T and C scores and MEST-C scores above 2 were significantly associated with pre-biopsy eGFR. On Kaplan–Meier analysis, the T and C scores’ association was significant with the renal outcome (p-value 0.000 and 0.002). In univariate and multivariate analyses, the association of T-score (p-value 0.000, HR 4.691), total MEST-C score (p-value 0.019), and baseline serum creatinine (p-value 0.036, HR 1.188) were significant with the outcome. Conclusion: We validate the prognostic significance of the Oxford classification. T and C scores, baseline serum creatinine, and total MEST-C score significantly affect the renal outcome. Furthermore, we recommend the inclusion of the total MEST-C score in determining the IgAN prognosis.

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