Effect of counterpart materials on tribological behaviors of copper impregnated carbon/carbon composite under electric current condition
Copper impregnated carbon/carbon composite (Cu-C/C composite) was fabricated for novel sliding collector material by weaving carbon fiber, heat treatment and Cu alloy impregnation. The effects of counterpart materials (Fe ball and Cu ball) on friction and wear behaviors were investigated and compared with the result of carbon contact strip used in high-speed railway. Morphology, chemical composition, phase and structure of wear surface and tribolayer were characterized to clarify tribological mechanisms. The results show that friction coefficient follows the order: Cu-C/C composite/Cu ball > carbon contact strip/Fe ball > Cu-C/C composite/Fe ball > carbon contact strip/Cu ball. The carbon crystalline of wear surface appears preferred orientation along the sliding orientation, which is benefit for boundary lubrication. When the counterpart material is Fe ball, Cu-C/C composite is superior to pure carbon strip in mechanical strength, electrical conductivity, wear resistance and friction performance.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China