Mechanical Behaviour of Lump-Grout Backfill Material for Underground Spaces

Publication Name

Geotechnical and Geological Engineering


Large-size lump (e.g., coal reject or waste rocks) is one of the most popular backfill materials for underground mines attributed to its cost-effective and easy-to-obtain. The massive void between lumps, however, does generally affect the overall performance in eliminating the ground subsidence. This paper presents a conceptual backfill material, termed as lump-grout (LG) material, the attractive feature of which is that the voids between lumps are totally filled up with high-water content cementitious grout (CG) material. To explore the mechanical behaviour of LG material, a total of 36 LG specimens were prepared and tested under the uniaxial compression and the tensile loading. Other 20 CG specimens were tested in parallel for comparison. Key configurations investigated in the present research covered the particle size of lumps and the water-to-powder ratio of CG material. Test results indicated that the stress–strain behaviour of LG specimen is predominately affected by the strength of CG material. The failure of LG material generally occurred along the interface between lumps and the cementitious grout material rather than the lumps themselves. Compared to CG material, the axial deformation ability of LG material is slightly superior, when the utilization of CG material is significantly reduced. In addition to the backfill material, the proposed LG material can be also used as the infill material for the artificial standing supports for underground spaces.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Funding Number


Funding Sponsor

National Natural Science Foundation of China



Link to publisher version (DOI)