Abundance, diversity, and community structure of comammox cladeA in sediments of China's offshore continental shelf
Science of the Total Environment
Nitrification is an important link for environmental nitrogen cycling, the appearance of comammox updates our traditional cognition about nitrification. Yet comammox has been poorly studied in marine sediments. This study explored the differences in abundance, diversity, community structure of comammox cladeA amoA in the sediments from different offshore areas of China (the Bohai Sea (BS), the Yellow Sea (YS), and the East China Sea (ECS)) and revealed the main driving factors. The abundance of comammox cladeA amoA was 8.11 × 103–4.96 × 104, 2.85 × 104–4.18 × 104, and 5.76 × 103–4.91 × 104 copies/g dry sediment in BS, YS, and ECS, respectively. The OTU (operational taxonomic units) numbers of comammox cladeA amoA in the BS, YS, and ECS were 4, 2, and 5 respectively. There were negligible differences in the abundance and diversity of comammox cladeA amoA among the sediments of the three seas. The subclade of comammox cladeA amoA, cladeA2 is the dominant comammox flora in the offshore area sediments of China. Noticeable differences in the community structure of comammox were observed among these three seas, where the relative abundance of cladeA2 in comammox was 62.98 %, 66.24 %, and 100 % in ECS, BS, and YS respectively. pH was found as the main factor affecting the abundance of comammox cladeA amoA and showed a significant positive correlation (p < 0.05). The diversity of comammox decreased with the increase of salinity (p < 0.05). NO3−-N is the main factor affecting the community structure of comammox cladeA amoA.
Open Access Status
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National Natural Science Foundation of China