Prevention strategies in cardiovascular disease

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Cardiac Care: A Practical Guide for Nurses


Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally and has a significant economic cost in terms of healthcare delivery, medications and lost productivity. This chapter identifies key strategies to promote effective CVD prevention for people following an acute cardiac event. Primary prevention in cardiovascular health is focused on preventing atherosclerotic vascular disease, heart failure and atrial fibrillation by promoting a healthy lifestyle for all the population throughout life. Effective targeting of secondary prevention is a significant challenge, particularly as the number of individuals identified as being eligible for such an intervention increases. Cardiac Rehabilitation is a multi-factorial and comprehensive secondary prevention intervention, designed to limit the physiological and psychological effects of CVD, manage symptoms and reduce the risk of future cardiovascular events. Psychological coping responses to a cardiac event, in particular anxiety and depression, can hamper recovery irrespective of the patient's physical condition.

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