Axial compressive behaviour of GPC filled FRP Tubes: Experimental and analytical investigations
The production of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) releases carbon dioxide (CO2), which is one of the main contributors in the rising level of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) into the atmosphere and adversely effecting the environment and subsequently causing the climate change. In this study, the fly ash (FA) an alternative of OPC is used to produce environmental friendly cementless geopolymer concrete (GPC). This study investigates the axial compressive behavior of GPC filled fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) tubes. Two types of FRP tubes, i.e., carbon FRP (CFRP) tubes and glass FRP (GFRP) tubes were prepared by the wet lay-up procedure using CFRP and GFRP sheets, respectively. A total of forty-five GPC specimens of 150 mm diameter and 300 mm height were prepared with five different molarity of NaOH (8–16 M) with Na2SiO3 to NaOH ratio of 1.5. The unconfined GPC (Control), GPC filled CFRP tube (GCT) and GPC filled GFRP tube (GGT) specimens exhibited a significant increase in the peak axial stress (fc) with the increase in the molarity of NaOH. The scanning electron microscopic investigation also exhibited a reduced number of unreacted fly ash particles in the GPC with increasing the molarity of NaOH. The fc and corresponding axial strains (∊c) of GCT and GGT specimens were significantly higher than those of unconfined GPC specimens. The GCT specimens exhibited higher fc and corresponding ∊c than the GGT specimens. The analytical axial stress–strain (fc - ∊c) curves of GCT and GGT specimens developed using available fc - ∊c models of FRP confined ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete matched well with the experimental fc - ∊c curves of GCT and GGT specimens.
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University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore