Enthalpy-Driven Room-Temperature Superwetting of Liquid Na–K Alloy as Flexible and Dendrite-Free Anodes

Publication Name

Advanced Functional Materials


Sodium (Na) metal anodes are promising candidates for various batteries with high energy density and high-power density, however, the dendrite growth of Na metal is impeding their practical applications. The binary alloy Na–K is in the liquid state at room temperature with a wide composition range, which renders it inherently free from solid dendrite growth. Whereas the application of Na–K alloy is plagued by the lack of a wettable matrix to immobilize the liquid metal. Herein, a facile method is reported to introduce oxygen-rich functional groups into carbon fiber cloth (O-CFC), which is initially Na–K phobic yet turns into superwetting after the treatment. The superwetting behavior of the O-CFC can be attributed to the favorable enthalpy changes as a result of the introduction of O-rich functional groups. The superwetting property of the O-CFC exhibits good universality, which can be extended to melting Na and K metals. By adopting the superwetting O-CFC as a host for liquid Na–K alloy, the liquid metal can be well retained in the matrix and deliver a stable cycling for >1600 h. The concept of enthalpy-driven wettability regulation can be enlightening for the host material design of other liquid metals and alloys.

Open Access Status

This publication may be available as open access

Funding Number


Funding Sponsor

Australian Research Council



Link to publisher version (DOI)