Inductive Matrix Completion and Root-MUSIC-Based Channel Estimation for Intelligent Reflecting Surface (IRS)-Aided Hybrid MIMO Systems
IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
This paper studies the estimation of cascaded channels in passive intelligent reflective surface (IRS)-aided multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems employing hybrid precoders and combiners. We propose a low-complexity solution that estimates the channel parameters progressively. The angles of departure (AoDs) and angles of arrival (AoAs) at the transmitter and receiver, respectively, are first estimated using inductive matrix completion (IMC) followed by root-MUSIC-based super-resolution spectrum estimation. Forward-backward spatial smoothing (FBSS) is applied to address the coherence issue. Using the estimated AoAs and AoDs, the training precoders and combiners are then optimized and the angle differences between the AoAs and AoDs at the IRS are estimated using the least squares (LS) method followed by FBSS and the root-MUSIC algorithm. Finally, the composite path gains of the cascaded channel are estimated using on-grid sparse recovery with a small-size dictionary. The simulation results suggest that the proposed estimator can achieve improved channel parameter estimation performance with lower complexity as compared to several recently reported alternatives, thanks to the exploitation of the knowledge of the array responses and low-rankness of the channel using low-complexity algorithms at all the stages.
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