Possible electronic state quasi-half-valley metal in a VGe2 P4 monolayer
Physical Review B
One of the key problems in valleytronics is to realize valley polarization. Ferrovalley semiconductors and half-valley metals (HVM) have been proposed, which possess intrinsic spontaneous valley polarization. Here, we propose the concept of a quasi-HVM (QHVM), including electron and hole carriers with only a type of carriers being valley polarized. The QHVM may realize the separation function of the electron and hole. A concrete example of the VGe2P4 monolayer is used to illustrate our proposal through first-principle calculations. To better realize QHVM, the electric field is applied to tune related valley properties of VGe2P4. Within the considered electric field range, VGe2P4 adopts a ferromagnetic (FM) ground state, which possesses out-of-plane magnetization, as confirmed by calculating magnetic anisotropy energy including magnetic shape anisotropy and magnetocrystalline anisotropy energies. These out-of-plane FM properties guarantee intrinsic spontaneous valley polarization in VGe2P4. Within a certain range of electric field, the QHVM can be maintained, and the related polarization properties can be effectively tuned. In this paper, we pave the way toward two-dimensional functional materials design of valleytronics.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China