A Multimodal SIMS/MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging Source with Secondary Electron Imaging Capabilities for Use with timsTOF Instruments

Publication Name

Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry


Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a surface analysis technique that produces chemical images and is commonly used for biological and biomedical research. Multimodal imaging combines multiple imaging modes in order to get a more comprehensive view of a sample. Multimodal MSI images are often acquired using multiple MSI instruments, which leads to issues regarding image registration and increases the chance of sample damage or degradation during sample transfer. These problems can be solved by using a single instrument that can image in multiple modes. In order to improve the efficiency of multimodal imaging and investigate complementary modes of MSI, we have modified a prototype Bruker timsTOF fleX by adding secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and secondary electron (SE) imaging capabilities while preserving the ability to perform matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI). We show multimodal images collected on this instrument that required only trivial registration and were acquired without sample transfer between imaging trials. Furthermore, we characterize the performance of SIMS, SE, and MALDI imaging and compare the performance of the modified instrument to a commercial timsTOF fleX.

Open Access Status

This publication may be available as open access





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Funding Sponsor

Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek



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