Counterfactual-based minority oversampling for imbalanced classification
Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence
A key challenge of oversampling in imbalanced classification is that the generation of new minority samples often neglects the usage of majority classes, resulting in most new minority sampling spreading the whole minority space. In view of this, we present a new oversampling framework based on the counterfactual theory. Our framework introduces a counterfactual objective by leveraging the rich inherent information of majority classes and explicitly perturbing majority samples to generate new samples in the territory of minority space. It can be analytically shown that the new minority samples satisfy the minimum inversion. Therefore, most of them are located near the decision boundary. The empirical evaluation of the six benchmark datasets shows that our approach clearly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods.
Open Access Status
This publication may be available as open access
National Natural Science Foundation of China