Prediction and evaluation of energy and exergy efficiencies of a nanofluid-based photovoltaic-thermal system with a needle finned serpentine channel using random forest machine learning approach

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Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements


The Photovoltaic thermal (PVT) collector performance is numerically investigated considering the effect of using needle fins in the serpentine channel with Nanofluid (NF). The influence of increasing the nanoparticle concentration (φ) and Reynolds number (Re) on the energy and exergy features of the PVT device is examined. A comparison is made between the hydrothermal characteristics of the PVT with the finned and plain serpentine channels. The utilization of needle fins improves the thermal efficiency (ηth), electrical efficiency (ηel), and overall efficiency (ηel) by 8.56–10.22%, 0.13–0.24%, 5.12–5.67%, respectively, against the PVT with the plain serpentine channel. Moreover, thermal exergy efficiency (ξth), electrical exergy efficiency (ξel), and overall exergy efficiency (ξov) by 8.56–1.22%, 0.13–0.24%, and 2.61–2.79%, respectively, versus the PVT with the plain serpentine channel. Moreover, the Random Forest (RF) machine learning approach is used to develop a predictive model for ηth, ηel, ηel, ξth, ξel and ξov in terms of Re and φ. The outcomes of modeling proved that all the results were in an acceptable level of accuracy and the overall efficiency in both energy and exergy yielded superior precision in comparison with the other targets.

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