Title

Effect of antibiotics on urine leakage in women with refractory detrusor overactivity: A phase IIb randomized trial

Publication Name

Neurourology and Urodynamics

Abstract

Aim: Because bacterial cystitis is common in women with refractory detrusor overactivity, the aim was to compare the efficacy of 6 weeks of rotating antibiotics versus placebo, in conjunction with an anticholinergic, in controlling the symptoms of urge incontinence. Methods: In a multicenter phase IIb double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial, women with urodynamically proven refractory detrusor overactivity were randomized in a 2:1 ratio of antibiotics versus placebo for 6 weeks, in addition to darifenacin for 6 months. Any woman with disabling cystitis symptoms was given appropriate antibiotics (“clinical override”). The primary outcome was the degree of urge incontinence change at 6 weeks and 6 months on 24-h pad test. Secondary outcomes were changes in leaks and voids per day measured on 3-day bladder diary and quality of life measures. Microbiological data were collected at all visits. Results: Although 278 women were screened, only 36 were randomized and 33 (91.7%) completed the trial. Leakage on 24-h pad test decreased at 6 months by 75 g in patients receiving antibiotics versus 35 g in placebo. Cure of urge incontinence occurred at 6 months in 10/21 (48%) of antibiotics versus 2/12 (17%) of placebo. Clinical override, necessitating treatment of cystitis, occurred in 41.6% of placebo versus 16.7% of the antibiotic group by 6 months. Conclusion: Despite the small sample size, the study showed a significant reduction in pad leakage and leaks per day over 24 h in the active treatment group over a 6-month period. Nearly half of patients on placebo had disabling urinary tract infection symptoms that required clinical override treatment.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Volume

40

Issue

1

First Page

158

Last Page

167

Funding Number

RG140045

Funding Sponsor

Bupa Foundation

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.24525