Low temperature sintering lead-free dielectric xBiScO3-(1-x)BaTiO3 for energy storage applications

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Fabrication of ceramic capacitors requires technological breakthroughs to address growing concerns regarding sustainability, cost, and increased power consumption in the manufacturing process. Low temperature sintered xBiScO3-(1-x)BaTiO3 (BS-BT) with x = 0.4 is found to possess excellent energy storage performance and temperature stability. The grain size decreases from 3.5 μm sintered at 1100°C to less than 0.5 μm sintered at 800°C, leading to much improved breakdown field and energy storage properties. Recoverable energy density of 4.7 J/cm3 with a high efficiency of 89% was obtained at an electric field of 390 kV/cm, showing an excellent temperature stability over temperature range of 25–200°C and fatigue endurance for more than 105 cycles. Of particular importance is that the ceramic tape cofired with silver electrode over temperature range of 800–850°C shows no reaction and diffusion of silver at the electrode/ceramic interface, while a recoverable energy density of 3.3 J/cm3 was achieved with satisfactory efficiency of 80% at an electric field of 340 kV/cm when sintered in reduced atmosphere, expanding the electrode selection to low-cost base metal, such as Cu and Ni. This work provides a good paradigm in ceramic capacitor fabrications that will help reduce overall cost and power consumption by utilizing low temperature sintered lead-free dielectrics with comparable or even superior energy storage properties over state-of-the-art dielectrics. (Figure presented.).

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Australian Research Council



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