“Intelligent Tutoring System in Education for Disabled Learners Using Human–Computer Interaction and Augmented Reality”

Publication Name

International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction


Learning through an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) lies in performing well in academics and improving the learner’s learning outcomes. The recent developments within an Intelligent Tutoring System are not focused on improving human–computer interactions. The best way to overcome this constraint is to develop ITS interfaces to provide learners with better learning experiences. In this study, Augmented Reality (AR) potential along with AI methodologies is utilized within the developed ITS interface to improve the learning experience of the learning-disabled learners. Augmented Reality is where virtual images overlay the physical world, and Mixed Reality is an emerging technology that presents an altered reality, which engages users to interact with an environment developed using virtual objects. With several tools and applications available, creating and providing immersive learning experiences for learners is rising. AR in educating the specially-abled is widespread, and its benefits are sufficiently explored. However, limited AR applications are designed specifically for supporting the education of individuals with learning disabilities. The available application, and their impact on learning-disabled learners, needs detailed investigation. This work presents an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) to educate learners with Augmented Reality (AR) based content. The ITS learner module implemented in this study was developed for learning disabilities identification and we have assessed total 105 participants (with or without Learning Disabilities) for the experiment. The ITS performance is compared (with or without) AR content-based learning and based on the findings, AR-based learning through ITS is effective. The benefits are manifold, increase in motivation, ease of interaction, development in cognitive skills, enhancement in short-term memory, and making lessons more enjoyable, turning the overall experience stimulating and engaging.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Funding Sponsor

Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India



Link to publisher version (DOI)